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Full Details : Everything About the Ongoing War In Ethiopia

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Full Details : Everything About the Ongoing War In Ethiopia. Conflict in the north of Africa’s second-most-populous nation is spreading across borders, threatening stability in a strategic region.

A militiaman from Ethiopia’s Amhara region, which has been in conflict with the neighboring Tigray region.
A militiaman from Ethiopia’s Amhara region, which has been in conflict with the neighboring Tigray region.

Long-simmering tensions between Ethiopia’s federal government and defiant authorities in its northern Tigray region erupted into military confrontation on Nov. 4 after the country’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, accused the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, or TPLF, of attacking a military base, killing soldiers and stealing artillery and military equipment. Hundreds of people have since been killed in a war that has now spilled into the wider Horn of Africa region after Tigrayan state militias fired rockets at targets in the capital of neighboring Eritrea over the weekend.

What is happening in the Tigray region?

Tensions have been building between the Tigrayan ethnic group, whose members constitute around 6% of Ethiopia’s 110 million people but have long dominated politics and business, and Mr. Ahmed, since he came to power in 2018 and pledged to reform the country’s politics. Last year, the TPLF refused to join Mr. Ahmed’s ruling coalition, which is seeking to transform the federal bloc that has ruled Ethiopia since 1991 into a more centralized political force. In September, the TPLF defied the government by holding regional elections that had been delayed because of the coronavirus pandemic. In recent months, Tigrayan officials and businessmen have been dismissed or detained in moves Mr. Ahmed said were a crackdown on corruption, but which many Tigrayans viewed as an attempt to silence and disempower them.

How did the war start?

The war began after TPLF militias attacked an Ethiopian National Defense Force base near the regional capital of Mekelle on Nov. 4. The attack became the casus belli for Mr. Ahmed, who quickly abandoned his previous conciliatory approach toward the restive state to deploy ground troops and the air force. Both sides are heavily armed: The TPLF has control of artillery, long-range rockets and weapons caches hidden across the region. Mr. Ahmed’s government declared a six-month state of emergency in Tigray and internet-access monitor NetBlocks reported that the internet had been shut down in the region and telecommunications appeared to be closed off.

Why is the United Nations warning about war crimes?
Amnesty International last week said in a report that hundreds of civilians were stabbed and hacked to death in the region, but the rights group said it hadn’t been able to independently confirm who was responsible. Local witnesses blamed the Tigrayan forces, but the TPLF blamed the Ethiopian government. There is other evidence of reprisal attacks: On Saturday night, unknown gunmen killed 34 people in an ambush on a bus in western Ethiopia, according to the country’s human-rights commission, which said similar strikes are forcing people to flee their homes in other parts of Ethiopia. The United Nations said that if it was confirmed that a party to the conflict was responsible for the massacre reported by Amnesty International, it would amount to a war crime.

What has been the civilian toll?
More than 500 people have been killed in the conflict, according to state television, although the information blackout in Tigray makes independent verification of that number difficult and the death toll is likely far higher. More than 25,000 people from the region have fled across the border with Sudan.

Ethiopians who fled the fighting in Tigray had assembled at the Setit River on the border with Sudan on Saturday.
Ethiopians who fled the fighting in Tigray had assembled at the Setit River on the border with Sudan on Saturday.

What is the humanitarian situation on the ground?
The U.N. has warned of a looming humanitarian disaster with millions at risk amid dwindling supplies of food, fuel and other necessities. Before the hostilities began, Tigray already had 100,000 internally displaced people following a war with Eritrea that ended a decade ago, and 600,000 people were dependent on food aid. Days of airstrikes have destroyed the state’s electricity grid and hit fuel supplies, threatening to worsen the humanitarian crisis. The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet has expressed increasing alarm at the rapidly deteriorating situation. “There is a risk this situation will spiral totally out of control, leading to heavy casualties and destruction, as well as mass displacement within Ethiopia itself and across borders,” she said.

Tigrayan leader Debretsion Gebremichael, shown in 2019, warned on Sunday that his fighters have more long-range missiles at their disposal.
Tigrayan leader Debretsion Gebremichael, shown in 2019, warned on Sunday that his fighters have more long-range missiles at their disposal.

What is the Tigray People’s Liberation Front?
The Tigray People’s Liberation Front is the ruling party in the state of Tigray. The Tigrayans came to power in 1991 as the leading force in a coalition that defeated the government of Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam following a protracted war. The Tigrayan military also took the lead in Ethiopia’s 1998-2000 border war against neighboring Eritrea. The TPLF is a battle-hardened force, with an estimated 250,000 men under arms, and the bulk of Ethiopia’s military hardware under its control, including helicopter gunships, heavy field guns and tanks.

How could this war destabilize the Horn of Africa region?
The Eritrean government, led by the autocrat Isaias Afwerki, has long been hostile to Tigray’s regional government for its role in the 1998-2000 border conflict, despite signing a peace deal with Ethiopia last year. The Tigray state has accused Mr. Ahmed, the Ethiopian prime minister, of doing the bidding of Mr. Afwerki, who has held power for 27 years and controls a standing army estimated at 200,000 people by the Central Intelligence Agency.

Why was Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed awarded a Nobel Peace Prize?
Mr. Ahmed was awarded the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his work toward ending a 20-year conflict with Eritrea and opening up one of Africa’s most entrenched one-party systems. A 44-year-old former army officer, he emerged as prime minister from an opaque power struggle in Ethiopia’s ruling party, but then upended politics in the East African nation with announcements that shattered political taboos: releasing thousands of political prisoners, legalizing opposition groups long classified as terrorists and ending the border conflict with Eritrea.

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NDC supporter dies after accidental gunshot

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A man believed to be a supporter of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) has died after he was reportedly shot accidentally by a friend.

The incident as reported by CitiNews occurred on Sunday, November 22, 2020, at a rally organized by the NDC.

The unfortunate incident happened when the supporters were dismantling canopies and chairs used for the rally.

ASP Thomas Tulasi, the Police commander of Gushegu narrated that one of the supporters was toying with the gun when it accidentally fired.

He said that investigations are ongoing to unravel the full details of the incident.

“One person was holding a pistol, and he was fidgeting with it, and then he fired it and killed the brother. We are now investigating the matter to know the actual cause of the incident and the one who actually fired the gunshot. They belong to the same party and this happened after the rally when they were dismantling the canopy”, he said.

Supporters of the two leading parties clashed last week which left six persons in critical condition.

One person who was picked up in connection with the skirmishes in Karaga on Monday has been granted bail.

Neither of the two parties took the blame for the incident as they both blamed each other for the occurrence.

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Lawra NPP Chairman attacked, robbed of campaign pickup

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The NPP Chairman for the Lawra Constituency in the Upper West Region, Alhaji Mohammed Donkor is reported to have been attacked by some armed supporters of the party.

Sources say the men, fully armed, attacked the occupants of a campaign vehicle driven by the chairman’s personal driver and confiscated the pickup.

The incident is reported to have occurred on Sunday, November 22 at about 11:30 pm.

Confirming the said incident, Alhaji Mohammed Donkor noted that although persons in his vehicle were attacked, they all escaped unharmed.

“We returned from Brifor Chaa where we went for a campaign. So when we got to Lawra I asked the driver to go and drop some people who travelled from the village to support us in the campaign.

“So it was on his way that Karbo’s boys attacked him with catalyses and took my vehicle away,” he added.

The Lawra NPP Chairman disclosed that the incident has been reported to the Lawra Municipal Police Command for investigation.

Upper West Regional Organiser of the NPP, Mustapher Goveh revealed that party executives have been brought to speed on the alleged attack.

According to him, Alhaji Mohammed Donkor has been accused of using the party’s pickup to campaign against the Lawra MP and Deputy Minister of Roads and Highways, Anthony Abaefaa Karbo.

But some party supporters claim the regional executives of the party have already taken sides in the feud between the Lawra MP and the party chairman.

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Rawlings’s death not natural – Bishop Owusu Bempah

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Former President Jerry John Rawlings did not die a natural death, Bishop Isaac Owusu Bempeh, head pastor of the Glorious Word Power Ministries, has said.

According to him, Mr Rawlings was killed in the spiritual realm by some prominent politicians in Ghana.

He made the revelation on Net 2 television on Monday, November 23.

“Former President Rawlings’s death was not natural, his death was spiritual,” he said.

“I had a vision in which I saw three different human hearts popping champagne and jubilating while the lifeless body of Mr Rawlings was resting on the table. These hearts were just jubilating and smiling while they were looking at the lifeless body of Mr Rawlings.

“I am a spiritual person and so I understand these things and know who those hearts stand for. Somebody in Ghana is looking for political power and he will never get that power. I will always say it because I am not scared of anybody. Nobody can kill me and so I will always tell the truth.” he added.

Bishop Owusu Bempah added that “I will make more revelations after the elections on December 7.”

Mr Rawlings died on Thursday, November 12 at the Korle Bu Teaching hospital after suffering a short illness.

He was 73 years.

 

source: 3news.com

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